- Armoracia lapathifolia L.
- Cochlearia armoracia Lam.
- Crucifer family
Parts Usually Used
Description of Plant(s) and Culture
A perennial hairless plant; the very long, white, cylindrical or
tapering root produces a 2-3 foot high stem in the second year. The
large basal leaves are lanceolate with scalloped edges; the stem leaves
are much smaller, sessile, lanceolate, and serrate to entire. A panicle
of numerous white flowers appears during June and July. The fruits
are round pods on long, upright stalks. The root has a biting-hot
Native to southeastern Europe and western Asia, and occasionally
found wild but usually cultivated in other parts of the world.
Diuretic, rubefacient, stomachic, stimulant, laxative
Essential oil with mustard oil, enzymes, glycosides, vitamin B, asparagin,
Legends, Myths and Stories
Horseradish and chicory are used at the Passover seder as bitter
herbs, commemorating the misery of the Jewish slaves in Egypt.
This plant was introduced as a condiment in England in the 1600s,
but according to an herbalist of the era, “only for country
people and strong laboring men”.
The diuretic properties of fresh horseradish make it useful for gouty
and rheumatic problems and
also bladder infections.
For the latter, take 3-4 tbsp. a day of grated horseradish with wine
vinegar and some grape sugar, (dextrose). For colitis
and intestinal problems due to putrefaction, 15-20 drops of juice
taken 3 times a day between meals will help. For catarrhal lung problems,
coughs, and asthma, take horseradish
combined with honey and raw sugar. Used to treat disorders of the
renal system, kidney stones, and dropsy. Externally, it is used as
an irritant to stimulate blood flow; fresh horseradish can be made
into a poultice, add a little cornstarch to the grated herb, for rheumatism,
poultice for bronchitis,
and into a bath additive for chilblains. Stimulates
the appetite and acts as a tonic
to the whole system. Has been useful in regenerating blood vessels,
especially the arteries, and reduce the blood
The freshly grated root, combined with vinegar or lemon juice, is
used as a condiment with meat. It is also an ingredient in many sauces.
Fresh root will not keep more than 3 months.
Very pungent flavor, the roots are high in vitamin C.
Plant at corners of a potato patch to deter potato bug.
Formulas or Dosages
Only undried (fresh or bottled) horseradish is effective. The root
can be preserved fresh for months in a refrigerator or packed in damp
sand and kept in a cool place.
Vinegar: cover finely grated horseradish with vinegar
and let stand for 10 days. Take 1 tsp., 2-3 times a day, well diluted
with water. This can also be applied externally.
Poultice: spread fresh, grated root on a linen cloth.
Lay on the affected area, with cloth against the skin, until a burning
sensation is felt.
Syrup: steep 1 tsp. root in 1/2 cup boiling water
in a covered pot for 2 hours. Strain and add sugar until a syrupy
consistency is reached.
Horseradish taken in any form can be made more palatable with sugar
Bottled horseradish in vinegar
Bottled horseradish sauce
Tablets: take 1 capsule, up to 3 times per day.
Do not take large quantities of horseradish at one time. Stop taking
it if diarrhea, vomiting,
or night sweating occurs. The fiery taste of horseradish would deter
any large doses normally. It is best to use the fresh herb if it is